The Heads of State and Government of the Latin America and the Caribbean States gathered in Costa Rica, on the occasion of the III Summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), on 28 and 29 January 2015;
Reaffirming our belief that climate change is one of the most serious problems of our time and our concern for its growing negative impact on developing countries and Small Island states in particular, which compromises the efforts to eradicate poverty and to achieve sustainable development.
Reaffirming in this context and in the framework of the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capacities, that the global nature of climate change requires the cooperation of all countries in an effective and appropriate international response, in accordance with the historical responsibilities of developed countries, in order to accelerate the reduction global emissions of greenhouse gases and adaptation measures, according to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the decisions taken at the Conference of the Parties;
Considering the Quito Declaration adopted at the First Meeting of Ministers of the Environment of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States -CELAC- in Quito, Ecuador, on February 3, 2012;
Taking into account the need for adaptation of the Latin America and the Caribbean countries and their particular vulnerability to climate change, including among other the SIDS, the indigenous peoples and other tribal peoples, the poor and marginalized communities;
Reaffirming that the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, require new funding, additional to traditional ODA, predictable and untied, to meet the needs of mitigation and adaptation in particular, to prevent and remedy the losses and damages caused by the change climate;
Recognizing the importance in addressing slow onset events in Latin America and the Caribbean which were acknowledged in the decisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Recognizing that all countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have the right to sustainable development and that its policies and measures to mitigate against and adapt to climate change must be consistent with specific circumstances of each country and should be integrated with national development programs;
Reaffirming the declaration that Costa Rica PTP pronounce on behalf of CELAC during COP20, whereby the region unified its voice to give impulse to the multilateral negotiations to strengthen the climatic regimen;
1. To urge all countries of the international community, particularly the developed countries to fulfill their commitments under the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, and to ratify urgently the Amend to the Protocol to allow the entry into force of second period of commitments that it can enter into force as soon as possible.
2. To reiterate the need for developed countries to comply with existent commitments in a transparent way and to increase their funding, technology transfer and capacity building commitments, for Latin America and the Caribbean, to meet their needs for mitigation and adaptation to climate change by providing new, additional, predictable and untied, as part of the commitment to provide 100 billion dollars annually by 2020 through the Green Climate Fund and the establishment of monitoring, reporting and verification mechanisms.
3. Congratulate the Government and people of Peru for having successfully hosted the Twentieth Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Tenth Meeting of the Parties of the Kyoto Protocol (COP20/CMP10), that took place in Lima from 1 to 12 December 2014, which achieved substantial results in the global action on climate change.
4. Acknowledge the adoption of the “Lima Call for Climate Action” during COP20/CMP10, as a major step forward in the negotiation of the elements of the 2015 Agreement, the preparation of nationally determined projected contributions and the acceleration of pre- 2020 Climate Action.
5. Commend, in addition, the Government of Venezuela for having organized the first Social Pre-COP on Climate Change, held from 4 to 7 November 2014.
6. Underscore the legally binding nature of the new agreement to be negotiated and approved by COP21, which must respect the principles of the Convention and strengthen the implementation of its provisions.
7. Stress that the 2015 agreement must develop on the basis of equity and the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in a manner that avoids backsliding from the commitments assumed in the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol and moves us all towards a just agreement in the global effort against climate change.
8. Emphasize the need for an effective treatment of adaptation in the framework of 2015 agreement, in a balanced manner with respect to mitigation, which is reflected in the context of the elaboration of the basic elements of the new agreement.
9. Reiterate the need to fulfill existing commitments on means of implementation, in order to build the necessary confidence for reaching an agreement in 2015, in particular, through clear actions by developed countries to scale-up resources that are sufficient and additional, including transparency on how they intend to achieve their commitments.
10. Emphasize the need to strengthen mechanisms for participation and education of society in matters of climate change, promoting a perspective of justice, equality and integration of the different visions of society, including among others indigenous peoples and local communities, and considering gender equality, protection and implementation of the human rights, education and empowerment of women and youth as transformative forces to advance innovative solutions to climate change.
11. To express our appreciation to all Parties who made pledges to the Green Climate Fund and the Adaptation Fund at COP 20.
12. To reaffirm the will to strengthen CELAC as a forum for dialogue and political agreement on issues of the international and regional agenda, including climate change, with a view to the deepen the understanding of priorities, national circumstances and different positions of the countries of the region ahead of the negotiations of the new global agreement on climate change by 2015, and try to identify common regional position on this matter.
13. Renew our commitment to regional, inclusive, equitable, integrated development, taking into account the importance of ensuring favourable treatment to SIDS and low-lying coastal states.
Belén, Costa Rica, January 29th , 2015